ECoC 2010 – Istanbul: “a commodity” for consumers or “a source” for all citizens
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The European Capitals of Culture (ECoC) is one of the prominent cultural programs in European Union, which develops not only local and regional programs related to arts and culture, but also public and private investments with sponsorships and local initiatives those set to work for urban-cultural programs. This paper aims to investigate the cultural infrastructure to what extent it is decentralized and accessible for all residents in order to validate the success of ECoC programs in Istanbul which had been designated as one of the ECoC cities during 2010. This investigation is held whether ECoC programs worked as “a commodity” serving for privileged groups or “an accessible source” for all residents and to what extent spatial pattern of these programs provide availability and accessibility across the city. The most remarkable findings indicate that 2010 experience in Istanbul was not able to contribute the social integration of the centre, periphery and varying social groups.