Effect of applied different surface modification processes with cellulose enzyme on properties of luffa fibres
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Among the natural fibres, luffa cylindrical fibres are the ones that are widely available throughout the world. Luffa fibres are known to have lignocellulosic fibre characteristics.Ligno cellulosic lignin content of fibers and other wastes of various chemicals to clean the surface processes. In this study, cellulase enzyme lignocellulosic-based fibers have the luffa fibers, except with the conventional methods are environmentally friendly and energy, water, power, time-saving microwave, ultrasonic energy surface modifications were made using different methods. The results obtained were examined with %weight loss values, mechanical properties, morphological characteristics (SEM) followed by FT-IR and X-ray powder diffraction. Three different chemical processes, carried out cellulase enzyme were proved to be successful. The reason for the microwave processes to be successful is the strength achieved by sonication. This cellulase enzyme processes were found to adequately modify the fibres surfaces.